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Trousers and Undergarments
In addition to jackets, overcoats, and tunics, other garments made up the soldier's daily uniform. These items included trousers, shirts, and undergarments.
British Pattern Other Ranks Trousers

When the British Other Ranks five-button Service Dress (SD) jacket was introduced in 1902, matching trousers were also issued made from the same wool as the five-button SD jacket. Issued British trousers have vertical pocket slits along side of the side seam and have no belt loops. There are a series of stamped metal buttons along the waistband for attaching suspenders. What is interesting, is that the trousers seem to "flare out" slightly at the cuff.

When obtained, these trousers were accompanied by a 5th Canadian Mounted Rifles Other Ranks five-button SD jacket.
On this example, the trousers are lined in white linen except for the pockets which are in tan. There is a faint British War Department "WD" with a Broad arrow stamped on one pocket. The front fly is closed with metal stamped buttons, identical to those to support the suspenders. There is no rear pocket.
Canadian Model 1904 Other Ranks Trousers

When the Canadian seven-button SD jacket was introduced in 1903, matching trousers were also issued. The original trousers had seam piping in Corps colors, but this was short-lived and abolished in 1904. The trousers are made from the same drab wool material as the jacket. Canadian pattern trousers are of a different cut than British Pattern trousers, having horizontal pocket slits under the waist band.

Like British trousers, there are no belt loops sewn around the circumference of the waistband on issued trousers. The loops on this example were added by the owner as hand-stitching is evident. The front fly is closed with metal stamped buttons. The same style buttons are sewn around the waist to attach the suspenders.
The trousers are lined in white linen, and stamped on each side with a Canadian War Department "C" with a Broad arrow. Compared to the British trousers, the pockets are very shallow. There is no rear pocket.
Pocket Comparison

A comparison of the vertical pocket on the British trousers, to the horizontal pocket on the Canadian trousers. Another interesting comparison, is that the British trousers have the suspender buttons in pairs, while the Canadian trousers have single buttons.
Canadian Pattern Other Ranks Breeches

Other Ranks Breeches were intended to be issued to mounted troops, drivers of motorized lorries, and motorcyclists. This example has angeled side pockets and as expected, a series of stamped metal buttons are sewn along the waistband for attaching suspenders. Of interest, the suspender buttons are on the inside, and the breeches were manufactured with belt loops. Studio photographs of men in the Canadian Artillery very often show the men wearing these issued breeches.
The breeches are lined in tan linen. The front fly is closed with metal stamped buttons, identical to those to support the suspenders. These breeches have never been issued. There are no markings of any sort on the lining.
Canadian Pattern Other Ranks Denim Breeches

These breeches are made from a tan denim material, similar to a light canvas. There are two front pockets with buttons flaps, but no rear pocket. The stamped metal buttons for attaching suspenders are sewn along the interior. The breeches were manufactured with three belt loops along the hips and back, and two large downward-pointing brass hooks (similar to equipment hooks) at the front.
The inside is stamped with a manufacturer's name and 1916. The ink stamps on the back of the lining appear to indicate these were still in a Quartermaster stores in the 1930s, however these breeches appear to have never been worn.
Officer Breeches

Officers were required to purchase their own uniforms and equipment so the officer's tailored breeches differed considerably from Other Ranks breeches in appearance and quality. All officers wore breeches, not just mounted officers. Examples can be encountered in brushed cotton, wool, or khaki twill and are often found with leather reinforcements in the seat and inner legs.
The breeches were manufactured with a series of horn buttons along the inner waistband for attaching suspenders. There are also belt loops along the outside of the waistband. The interior is void of any tailor's label.
Canadian Issued Shirt

The Canadian issued shirt was very similar to the issued British shirt called a "Grey Ordinary". The standard issue shirt was a made of wool or flannel in a slip-over style with no collar and closed at the neck with four buttons following civilian fashion of the period. The proper name of this pattern is: Canadian Other Ranks Drab Flannel shirt. A Canadian pre-war pattern shirt with collar was also worn, but primarily in Canada. Most overseas issue patterns were collarless.

Shirts of this pattern were also manufactured in a light-grey flannel beginning in 1916. In 1917, shirts made from natural flannel were introduced.
A view of the neck and collar. Note that the sleeves also had a button.

The issue underwear was made of wool and had four buttons to close the fly. This set is not dated, but came with the CEF grouping of Sapper R.W. Pearson Canadian Engineers 1st Division
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